HBa1c test in hindi | 3 month sugar test | hba1c normal range chart
Discover the Secrets of HBa1c Test in Hindi! Learn about the 3-Month Sugar Test and Check the Hba1c Normal Range Chart. Get Expert Insights Now! 📊💉. HBa1c test in hindi | 3 month sugar test | hba1c normal range chart
A hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) test is a blood test that shows what your average blood sugar (glucose) level was over the past two to three months.
Glucose is a type of sugar in your blood that comes from the foods you eat. Your cells use glucose for energy. A hormone called insulin helps glucose get into your cells. If you have diabetes your body doesn’t make enough insulin, or your cells don’t use it well. As a result, glucose can’t get into your cells, so your blood sugar levels increase.
Glucose in your blood sticks to hemoglobin, a protein in your red blood cells. As your blood glucose levels increase, more of your hemoglobin will be coated with glucose. An A1C test measures the percentage of your red blood cells that have glucose-coated hemoglobin.
An A1C test can show your average glucose level for the past three months because:
Glucose sticks to hemoglobin for as long as the red blood cells are alive.
Red blood cells live about three months.
High A1C levels are a sign of high blood glucose from diabetes. Diabetes can cause serious health problems, including heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage. But with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can control your blood glucose levels.
Other names: HbA1C, A1C, glycohemoglobin, glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin
What is it used for?
An A1C test may be used to screen for or diagnose:
Type 2 diabetes. With type 2 diabetes your blood glucose gets too high because your body doesn’t make enough insulin to move blood sugar from your bloodstream into your cells, or because your cells stop responding to insulin.
Prediabetes. Prediabetes means that your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnosed as diabetes. Lifestyle changes, such as healthy eating and exercise, may help delay or prevent prediabetes from becoming type 2 diabetes.
If you have diabetes or prediabetes, an A1C test can help monitor your condition and check how well you’ve been able to control your blood sugar levels.
You may also need an A1C test if you have symptoms of diabetes, such as:
Feeling very thirsty
Urinating (peeing) a lot
Losing weight without trying
Feeling very hungry
Numb or tingling hands or feet
Sores that heal slowly
Having more infections than usual
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